Though the movement of people in pursuit of work is not new, labour migration appears to be a growing phenomenon in the South Asian region. Empirical studies and papers analysing government data have shown that migration is not a simple movement from village to city in this region, but involves multiple streams and patterns including short-term, iterative, permanent and return migration across short and long distances.
This morning I asked one person engaged in painting work in my Social Science Research Institute at Allahabad who among you all are most poor. He immediately replied all are poor.
Nanka is Nanka Bharti aged around 35 with a wife, two sons and a daughter. Naka works as a non-agricultural labourer in and around the city of Allahabad as and when engaged by the local sub-contractor under the multiple core contractors in the city.
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"Kerala needs to have a focused policy to deal with the situation due to the diversity among the Gulf returnees. Some may need employment, some may have sufficient funds to invest, and some may require additional social security measures."
Migration into and out of different States could be attributed to their performance on various development indicators such as industrialisation, education and availability of employment. The data hub this month shows the total male and female migration from Madhya Pradesh to different states.